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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 94-96

Echo changes in hypertensive disorder of pregnancy

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, M. S. Ramaiah Medical College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Chaitra Shivananjiah
No. 11, Devi Krupa, 11th A Cross, 2nd Stage, WOC Road, Bangalore - 560 056, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2211-4122.187961

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Aim: Acute preeclampsia is associated with significantly higher prevalence of asymptomatic global left ventricular (LV) abnormal function and myocardial injury than uneventful pregnancy. Hence, this study was undertaken to evaluate the LV changes in preeclamptic women and to compare with normotensive women. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, M. S. Ramaiah Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Bengaluru. Two-hundred women were in each group: 200 patients with preeclampsia as cases and 200 normotensive patients as controls. Results: The mean LV end-systolic volume (LV ESV) in preeclamptic women was 33.45 ± 2.8, LV end-diastolic volume (LV EDV) was 106 ± 3.01, and LV systolic mass (LV Ms) was 87.1 ± 1.65 when compared to normotensive women LV ESV - 27 ± 0.74, (P < 0.0001) LV EDV - 106.2 ± 0.43, (P - 0.3528), and LV Ms - 84 ± 0.56 (P < 0.0001). Conclusion: This study emphasizes the importance of identifying this subset of preeclamptic patients with echo changes who are at higher risk of developing cardiovascular complications later in life by undergoing echocardiography.

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