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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 53-59

Long-term results after percutaneous closure of atrial septal defect: Cardiac remodeling and quality of life

Department of Cardio Thoraco Vascular, AOU Policlinic University of Catania, Catania, Italy

Correspondence Address:
Ines Paola Monte
Department of Cardio Thoraco Vascular, AOU Policlinic University of Catania, Via Santa Sofia 78, Catania 95125
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2211-4122.123028

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Background: Atrial septal defect (ASD) represents a common congenital heart malformation, cause of right ventricle (RV) volume overload, pulmonary hypertension, atrial arrhythmias, and paradoxical emboli. Percutaneous closure represents the treatment of choice for ASD. However, it is still difficult to associate symptoms to the success of ASD treatment. Objective: To investigate any possible correlation between transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) findings and patients' symptoms after ASD treatment. Materials and Methods: Thirty patients (mean age 49 ± 17 years; 10 younger ≤40 years and 20 > 40 years) underwent percutaneous closure of ASD type ostium secundum. Every patient underwent clinical examination, electrocardiogram (ECG) and TTE before procedure and at 1, 6, and 12 months after procedure and a multichoice questionnaire to collect patients' symptoms and complain severity. Statistical analysis: Continuous variables were summarized by means and standard deviation. Estimates of occurrence of events were expressed as percentages. Comparison between mean follow-ups was achieved using paired t-test sample. Results: At end of follow-up, TTE showed a decrease of RV dimensions (34.4 vs 37.5 mm preclosure; P = 0.01), pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PAPs 28.4 vs 39.5 mmHg; P = 0.00003), atrial dimensions (51 vs 56 mm; P = 0.085), and of right myocardial performance index (MPI; 0.39 vs 0.42; P = 0.05). PAPs was significantly reduced in group more than 40-years-old (P = 0.00004), while the reduction was not significant in the less or equal than 40 years of age (P = 0.08) group because the baseline value was significantly lower. Many patients after procedure complained headache, insomnia, palpitations, fatigue, and dyspnea; but no cardiac morphological abnormalities related to symptoms were found. Conclusions: Our data showed a great improvement in symptoms and positive cardiac remodeling after closure of ASD, more effective in elderly patients compared to younger patients. The symptoms are not correlated with the principal disease or procedure.

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